COVID Transmission in Essex County and Peabody, Massachusetts
May 21, 2023. Information about transmission in Essex County and Peabody, Massachusetts.
UPDATE FOR PEABODY & ESSEX COUNTY on May 21, 2023
Community transmission still poses a danger.
The policy to end the Public Health Emergency does not eliminate the fact that we are still in a pandemic.
The failure to continue universal masking in hospitals and other medical facilities creates significant risk for all, especially the most vulnerable to severe disease: elderly, disabled, immunocompromised, and children.
The Stop Bullying Coalition has partnered with the Massachusetts Coalition for Health Equity Demands, “Give us care, not COVID.”
The new policies to inhibit our right to universal masking as a precaution in healthcare settings are a threat to public health, a form of "lockout" that prevents vulnerable people from seeking healthcare, and likely a violation of laws that extend accommodations to at-risk individuals. See: Masking is Essential. With links to current advice and the advocacy of the Mass Coalition for Health Equity.
We all want to put COVID behind us and get on with our lives and put aside all our fears and the constant disruption of our normal life.
Nevertheless, COVID is still here, causing severe disease, death, and long COVID.
If your hospital or healthcare provider has dropped universal masking, you can fight back by knowing and using your Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) rights. You can invoke these rights even if you are not disabled, as you can claim to be at high risk for severe outcomes from COVID, which is the truth for all of us in this environment of few COVID protections and high risk of Long COVID...Doctors are required to provide reasonable accommodations under the ADA—People's CDC
This data will no longer be available from CDC and the Commonwealth.
Biobot 7-day wastewater counts for Peabody @ May 14, 2023
SESD Peabody/Salem Pump 147,000 copies of viral RNA/L (trending down)
SESD Peabody, 175,000 copies of viral RNA/L (trending up)
Samples are currently taken 1 - 7 times a week and analyzed by Biobot Analytics, a wastewater epidemiology company based in Cambridge, MA. The graphs represent the “7-day averages” which are the average viral copies over the past 7 days in each treatment plant.
High wastewater RNA levels are usually followed within several days by a rise in cases.
Find Resources Near You!
As the government cuts back its programs, find resources near you to continue protecting yourself and others. See the guide from People's CDC.
Although elderly people are at very high risk, simple steps can provide protection against transmission and infection. Especially when transmission levels are persistently high, your actions can protect you and everyone around you. And when you work together with your neighbors, family, and everyone you see, you can all be safer together.
It's not hard: Vaccinate; boost; ventilate; mask; hand hygiene; avoid unmasked gatherings; test.
See this excellent guide to protection for ensuring safer gatherings from People's CDC.
“We should all be masking indoors, staying home when sick, and testing for COVID-19. In addition, getting boosted is the best way to protect yourself from severe illness and hospitalization.”—Dr. Bisola Ojikutu, Commissioner of Public Health and Executive Director of the Boston Public Health Commission. January 6, 2023
Respirators like N95 offer better protection.
Respirators (for example, N95) are made to protect you by fitting closely on the face to filter out particles, including the virus that causes COVID-19. They can also block droplets and particles you breathe, cough, or sneeze out so you do not spread them to others. Respirators (for example, N95) provide higher protection than masks.—CDC
If you have COVID symptoms, have been exposed, or had COVID and want to be sure you're clear, get tested. And report the results of your test at https://makemytestcount.org
The pandemic has become a plague on the elderly, with nearly 9 out of 10 deaths in people 65 or older.—Ariana Eunjung Cha and Dan Keating, The Washington Post, November 28, 2022
Links to data sources included here enable the reader to learn the situation in their locality. The sources used are the CDC data on transmission; levels of COVID found in wastewater; and % positivity in Essex County and Peabody. These are all leading indicators preceding cases, hospitalizations, and deaths. Use these warnings to protect yourself.
For information about strategies for protecting yourself and your community, see The New "How to Avoid COVID"
Vaccination, past infection, or timely access to testing and treatment can help protect you from getting very sick if you get COVID-19. However, some people are more likely than others to get very sick if they get COVID-19. This includes older people, who are immunocompromised, have certain disabilities, or have underlying health conditions. Understanding your COVID-19 risk and the risks that might affect others can help you make decisions to protect yourself and others.—CDC, October 19, 2022
Masking and protective strategies
The interventions that prevent aerosol inhalation are those that reduce the concentration of small particles in a shared space and the time someone spends in that space inhaling those small particles. Particle concentration can be reduced by having fewer people in the space, sharing space for shorter periods, using ventilation that removes particles quickly near the source, and using source controls (masks and respirators) with good filters and fit.—Lisa M Brosseau, ScD; Angela Ulrich, Ph.D., MPH; Kevin Escandón, MD; Cory Anderson, MPH; and Michael T. OsterholmPh.D.hD, MPH, COMMENTARY: What can masks do? Part 1: The science behind COVID-19 protection, October 14, 2021
Comprehensive public health strategy
The People's CDC is an excellent guide to policy and action.
Preserve healthcare access for all. This means maintaining the State of Emergency
Renew Congressional funding for the pandemic response
Make public health policies including masking based on the CDC’s Community Transmission Map, and retire the misleading Community Levels Map
Support and promote a layered approach to the pandemic including:
Free, fast accessible PCR testing for all
Free access to N-95 grade masks for all
Free access to updated treatments for all
Booster access for all
Funding for accelerated, next-generation vaccines
Paid sick leave for all
Clear and science-based quarantine and isolation policies
Funding for air ventilation and filtration upgrades in all public buildings
Funding for Long COVID treatments, and research led by Long COVID patients
More than COVID 250,000 deaths in 2022 – the third year of the pandemic – is an emergency. We have the tools to prevent more unnecessary severe and chronic illness and death. In 2023, let’s use them.
NOTE: A new variant, XBB.1.5 has spread across the US and new variants are already here.
NEW VARIANTS ARE ALMOST LIKE A NEW DISEASE, ABLE TO SLIP THROUGH IMMUNE DEFENSES, AND ARE SPREADING RAPIDLY. TAKE CARE! New boosters can help you, make sure you are fully vaccinated and boosted. Use N95 masks when indoors and when in any crowded situation. Fresh air ventilation can reduce risk. Hand hygiene is still important. Protect yourself and others from the flu as well as COVID.
"Universal masking and individual masking are distinct interventions. Universal masking lowers the amount of virus exhaled into shared air, reducing the total number of cases of Covid-19 and making indoor spaces safer for populations that are vulnerable to its complications. Individual masking lowers the amount of virus that a masked person inhales from shared air, but only in environments with a relatively high amount of circulating virus and when others are unmasked. Furthermore, individual masking has little effect on population-level transmission."—Universal Masking Policies in Schools and Mitigating the Inequitable Costs of Covid-19, Raifman, Julia Sc.D., and Tiffany Green, Ph.D, N Engl J Med 2022; 387:1993-1994
The authors recommend universal masking early in the rise of a new variant.
Julia Raifman, assistant professor of Public Health at Boston University, encouraged policy leaders to consider reinstating measures that can help reduce the spread of COVID-19 and other respiratory illnesses, such as implementing mask policies and expanding testing.— Zeina Mohammed, Boston Globe, December 2, 2022
“We need leadership to create a virtuous cycle of caring about one another and protecting people who are disproportionately harmed by COVID and the other respiratory viruses,” she said. “That takes policy leadership, we see that nothing an individual can do is nearly as powerful as what a policymaker can do for reducing transmission.”—Julia Raifman
COVID is with us and ready at any time to cause sickness and death.
The pandemic is still raging: COVID is the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S., and millions of people in the U.S. have long COVID, a variety of symptoms that can limit normal activity. COVID is airborne, transmitted through invisible aerosols (tiny droplets), and 40% of COVID infections are without symptoms. Thus universal masking and pre-procedure testing are essential layers of protection in healthcare settings, especially for immunocompromised, disabled, high-risk children, elderly, and chronically ill people.
Those of us who are especially vulnerable to severe disease and death from COVID infection depend on our social and medical systems to help keep us safe, o accept severe restrictions to protect ourselves. Failing to maintain basic safeguards makes everyone vulnerable. Our healthcare system should continue surveillance including free at-home testing for individuals and measures of community transmission such as wastewater testing, continue free access to vaccination, and support universal respirator masking in all parts of a hospital or clinic.
Infection control professionals
“...propose an updated standard for universal precautions in healthcare settings: permanently including universal masking in routine patient-care interactions. Such a practice prioritizes safety for patients, healthcare providers (HCPs), and visitors.”