Resources on bullying

Sources on Bullying of Senior Citizens and Persons with Disabilities in Housing

Our primary mission is to advocate for the elimination of bullying that victimizes elderly persons and people living with disability in public and subsidized housing. We realize that bullying in non-subsidized housing for older people and persons with disabilities is common and unacceptable. This is not just a problem in Massachusetts or even the United States. It is a worldwide problem. Education is a basic component of our work. Compiled by Publia, this resource assembles key online publications related to bullying that takes place in multi-family housing and is presented under the following headings:

  • Resources addressed to management and professionals
  • News sources, listed by location to show widespread distribution and growing awareness of bullying
  • Blogs and other social media
  • Videos showing bullying

Books

Bonifas, R. Bullying Among Older Adults: How to Recognize and Address an Unseen Epidemic, (Baltimore:Health Professions Press,2016) July, 2016. http://www.healthpropress.com/product/bullying-among-older-adults-copy/

Cardinal, K. Peaceful Community Pocket Guide: Prevent Lifespan Bullying & Improve Social Climate, (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016). https://www.amazon.com/Peaceful-Community-Pocket-Guide-Lifespan/dp/1539…

Gribble, T. Elder Bullying and abuse: The Invisible People, the Invisible Crime,(Gribble Press: October 20, 2015).https://www.amazon.com/Elder-Bullying-Abuse-Invisible-People-ebook/dp/B…

Halberstadt, Jerry, Stop Bullying: We can create healthy communities for the elderly and disabled (Peabody, MA:Togethering Press), 2017. http://togethering.com/

Research, Articles, Webinars and Other Resources Developed for Building Managers, Resident Service Coordinators, Social Workers and Other Professionals

_____.”Anti-Bullying Initiative,” Professional Affordable Housing Management Association, accessed January 23, 2017. http://www.pahma.org/about-pahma/anti-bullying-initiative/

_____, "Bullying Knows No Age Limit, Warn Experts Who See a Rise in Cases Among Seniors," School Bullying Council http://www.schoolbullyingcouncil.com/bullying-knows-no-age-limit-warn-e…

_____, "Bullying: Not Just a Problem for Kids Anymore," All Things Aging, University of Indianapolis Center for Aging and Community Posted March 24, 2011 http://www.all-things-aging.com/2011/03/bullying-not-just-problem-for-k…

_____,"Bullying: What is it? How do we Prevent it?", The David Mathews Center for Civic Life, 2012. http://mathewscenter.org//wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Bully-Brochure_pre…

_____,”Council - Agenda Report (Adult and Seniors Bullying Prevention Update),” City of Airdrie (Alberta, Canada), January 18, 2016. https://publicmtg.airdrie.ca/filestream.ashx?DocumentId=805

_____,”Disability Hate Crime,”Fife Council (Scotland), accessed March 5, 2016. http://goo.gl/aTDQXB

_____,”Elder Abuse and Neglect: In Search of Solutions,” American Psychological Association, 2012. http://www.apa.org/pi/aging/resources/guides/elder-abuse.aspx, http://www.apa.org/pi/aging/resources/guides/elder-abuse.pdf

_____.”Elderly Renters Are Facing an Epidemic of Evictions,” ElderLaw Answers, accessed July 27, 2016. http://www.elderlawanswers.com/elderly-renters-are-facing-an-epidemic-o…

_____,"Facts on Psychological and Emotional Abuse of Seniors" Government of Canada, Accessed November 12, 2015. http://www.seniors.gc.ca/eng/pie/eaa/psychologicalandemotional.shtml

_____,”FR-5248-F-02 Quid Pro Quo and Hostile Environment and Harassment and Liability for Discriminatory Housing Practices Under the Fair Housing Act,” regulations.gov, accessed September 26, 2016. http://www.regulations.gov/document?D=HUD-2015-0095-0065

_____, "Lobby War," Habitat Magazine (1) http://www.habitatmag.com/archive/article/3860/lobby-war/

_____.”Long-Term Care Ombudsman Advocacy: Resident-to-Resident Aggression,” The National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center, Accessed July 4, 2016. http://ltcombudsman.org/uploads/files/issues/TA_Brief-LTCO_and_RRA-FINA…

_____,”Quid Pro Quo and Hostile Environment Harassment and Liability for Discriminatory Housing Practices Under the Fair Housing Act,”Federal Register: The Daily Journal of the United States Government, October 21, 2015.https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2015/10/21/2015-26587/quid-pr…

_____,”Recognizing and Curtailing Senior Bullying Among Older Adults,” Worldwide Programs Providing a Better Way to Deal With Aging, accessed March 5, 2016. http://www.programsforelderly.com/abuse-senior-bullying.php

_____. “Resident Rights and Responsibilities,” US Department of Housing and Urban Development, accessed July 26, 2016. https://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=DOC_12162.pdf

_____.”The shocking phenomena of senior bullying,” Health Professions Press, August 5, 2016. http://www.healthpropress.com/the-shocking-phenomenon-of-senior-bullyin…

Bailey-Brooks, Queen. “Cliques & Bullying: Can’t We ALL Just Get Along?,” LeadingEdge NY Annual Housing Professionals Conference, April 18, 2016. http://www.leadingageny.org/home/assets/File/Cliques%20and%20Bullying_Q…

Barbara, Eleanor. “4 Steps to Preventing Senior Bullying,” MyBetterNursingHome.Com,March , 2015. http://www.emlogis.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Senior-Bullying-Webin…

Benson,J. (n.d.). "Relational Aggression and Subjective Well-Being in Independent Senior Living Communities", Mather Lifeways Institute on Aging, Accessed October 13, 2015 (2) http://www.matherlifewaysinstituteonaging.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/0…

Bonifas, R. “Identifying, Preventing and Responding to Bullies in Long-Term Care Facilities,” The National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center, July 28, 2015. http://ltcombudsman.org/library/identifying-preventing-and-responding-t…

Bonifas, R. “The Prevalence of Elder Bullying and Impact on LGBT Elders,” D.A. Harley and P.B Teaster eds. Handbook of LGBT Elders, 2016. http://goo.gl/LZrPnJ

Bonifas, R. “Putting a Stop to Bullying,” 2015 Annual SDHDA Housing Conference, October 27, 2015. http://www.sdhda.org/images/Events/SDHDA_presentation_bullying2015.pdf

Bonifas, R. "Recognizing and Curtailing Senior Bullying Among Older Adults",6th Annual Spring Geriatric Mental Health and Aging Conference, Arizona Geriatrics Society, 2013 http://www.arizonageriatrics.org/assets/2013/2013springconference/2013%…

Brown, H. “Safeguarding Adults and Children With Disabilities from Abuse,” Council of Europe Publishing, February, 2003. http://www.coe.int/t/e/social_cohesion/soc-sp/Abuse%20_E%20in%20color.p…

Cardinal, K., "From Social Bullying in Schools to Bullying in Senior Housing: Narrative & Holistic Approach to Maintaining Residents' Dignity." Capstone Project submitted in partial fulfillment of MS Gerontology; Management of Aging Services, University of Massachusetts, Boston , May, 2015. (3) https://www.umb.edu/editor_uploads/images/mgs/mgs_gerontology/Cardinal…

Douglas, R. “Beyond the Schoolyard: Bullying Among Seniors,” Leading Age Washington, Accessed May 9, 2016. http://leadingagewa.org/wp-content/uploads/Bullying-Among-Seniors.pdf

Dumbeck, M., “The Long Term Effects of Bullying,”American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, Accessed March 5, 2016. http://www.aaets.org/article204.htm

Frankl M., Freed G., Isenberg L., Silverlieb C. and Burns K., "Tips and Techniques for Supporting Residents with Mental Illness: A Guide for Staff in Housing for Older Adults." 2012: JCHE & JCFS (4) http://www.jfcsboston.org/Our-Services/Older-Adults/Mental-Health-Guide

Frankl, M. Webinar: Combatting Social Bullying Among Older Adults Posted March 7, 2013. (5) . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ax_oDzW8jo

Frankl, M. “Is it Social Bullying? Strategies for Assessing and Intervening with Older Adults,” National Association of Nutrition and Aging Services Programs, June 5, 2015. https://nanasp.org/sites/default/files/07-Bullying%20for%20NANASP%206-1…

Frankl, M. “Webinar: Combatting Social Bullying among Older Adults,” Massachusetts Coalition for Suicide Prevention, September, 2011. https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:ZlKqal9zhHEJ:http…

Fuctch, C. “Elderly Bully,”Meeting the Challenge: Courageous Conversations on Bullying, Hoarding & Family Disputes sponsored by LeadingEdge Georga,September 19, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MdOJkVPZRws

Gerace, Alyssa. “Older but not Wiser: Chicks & Cliques in Assisted Living Settings,” Senior Housing News, January 14, 2013. http://seniorhousingnews.com/2013/01/14/older-but-not-wiser-chicks-cliq…

Girdwain, J. "Can Elders Be Bullies?", Today's Geriatric Medicine, April 10, 2013. http://www.todaysgeriatricmedicine.com/news/ex_041013.shtml

Grigg, B. and Steele, J., “Anti-Bullying Senior Program: The Butterfly Club,” WELL Aware Wellness, March 24, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pdioK2_96Y

Gutman, G. “Older Adult Bullying: Psychological Abuse by a Different Name?” Presentation at the Bullying Prevention Strategy Think Tank, June 11, 2012. http://www.research4children.com/data/documents/GloriaGutmanpdf.pdf

Gutman, G. "Senior to Senior Bullying: What do we know about it? How is it being dealt with?", INPEA 8th Annual World Conference and WEAAD commemoration, Seul, South Korea, June 23, 2013. http://www.sfu.ca/uploads/page/09/INPEA2013_Gutman_2.pdf

Harmon, K. “Bullying in Family & Senior Housing,” American Housing Management Association-Pacific Southwest Chapter, Accessed January 15, 2016. http://www.ahma-psw.org/assets/annual-seminar/38/kahy%20harmon-%20bully…

Jackson, K., "Older Adult Bullying: How Social Workers Can Help Establish Zero Tolerance," Social Work Today, May 15, 2013 http://www.socialworktoday.com/archive/exc_051513.shtml

McDonald, L., Sheppard, C. Hitzig, S. Spalter, T. Mathur, A., and Mukhi, S. “Resident-toResident Abuse: A Scoping Review,” Canadian Journal on Aging, Volume 34 Issue 2, June 2015 pp 215-236. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&ai…

Miller, Ray. "Resident Bullying: Not Just the Playground Anymore", WHCA/ WiCAL 63rd Annual Fall Convention, Wisconsin Health Care Association / Wisconsin Center for Assisted Living, October, 2014. http://www.whcawical.org/files/2014/10/conv14-hanouts-22-Bullying-Not-J…

Pillager, K, Connoly, M., Brakeman, R., Spreng, N. and Lachs, M. “Elder Mistreatment: Priorities for Consideration by the White House Conference on Aging,” The Gerontologist, Vol. 55, Issue 2, April 2015, pp 320-327. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4542836/

Rivera-Jackman, R. “Bullying Seniors: Out of the Playground and into Senior Living Communities,” King County Housing Authority, Accessed October 28, 2016. http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.servicecoordinator.org/resource/resmgr/fil…

Rex-Lear, M. "Not Just a Playground Issue: Bullying Among Older Adults and the Effects on their Physical Health", Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Texas at Arlington in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Texas at Arlington, August, 2011. https://uta-ir.tdl.org/uta-ir/bitstream/handle/10106/6207/REXLEAR_uta_2…

Rooney, J. "The Effect of Playback Theatre in Managing Bullying in Senior Communities". Capstone Project submitted in partial fulfillment the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work, School of Social Work, St Catherines University and the University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, MN (7) http://sophia.stkate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1382&context=msw_p…

Ross, MaryAnn, “Senior Project,” COPSA Training & Resource Center, July 29, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEiKwV1rNrU

Snyder, J. "Symposium: Bullying: Redefining Boundaries, Responsibility and Harm. How does Bullying Relate To Elder Abuse?", Temple Political & Civil Rights Law Review, Spring, 2013. https://goo.gl/GlPML0

Sepe, Claudia, "Bullying Among Older Adults in Retirement Homes: An Unknown Epidemic". A Project Presented to the Faculty of California State University, San Bernado in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work",California State University, San Bernardido , May, 2015 (10) http://scholarworks.lib.csusb.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1191&cont…

Shumaker, L., "What to do When Seniors Bully," Pennsylvania Behavioral Health and Aging Coalition, Feb 17, 2013 http://www.olderpa.org/bullying

Trumpeter, H., Schotte, R. & Westerhof, G. “Resident to Resident Relational Aggressive and Subjective Well-Being in Assisted Living Facilities,” Aging & Mental Health, Volume 15, Issue 1, 2011. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13607863.2010.501059

Ulrich, Rebecca, et. al., “Building Respectful Communities: A Toolkit to Recognize and Prevent Bullying Behaviour Within Older Adult Organizations and Communities” Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, 2013. ,http://www.wrha.mb.ca/community/seniors/files/RespectfulComm-Full.pdf

Research, Articles, Webinars and Other Resources Developed for Building Managers, Resident Service Coordinators, Social Workers and Other Professionals Who Work in a Nursing Home (11)

_____,”Building Respectful Communities: A Toolkit to Recognize and Prevent Bullying Behavior Within Older Adult Organizations and Communities,” Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, 2013. http://www.wrha.mb.ca/community/seniors/files/RespectfulComm-Full.pdf

_____,”Fair Housing: A Guide for Senior Communities,” Fair Housing Council of Oregon, August, 2011. http://www.fhco.org/pdfs/SrGuide.pdf

_____. “Resident Mistreatment Fact Sheet,”The National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center. Accessed June 29, 2016. http://ltcombudsman.org/uploads/files/issues/rrm-factsheet-large-font-5…

Boem, T. “Harassment by Resident: Employers will be held liable if they don’t protect employees from sexual harassment by a resident,” Provider, January, 2013. http://www.providermagazine.com/archives/2013_Archives/Pages/0113/Haras…

Castle, N. “Resident-toResident Abuse in Nursing Homes as Reported by Nurse Aides,” Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, Volume 24, Issue 4, 2012. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08946566.2012.661685

Ellis, J, Tersi, J., Ramirez, M., Silver, S., Boratgis, G., Kong, J., Emicke, J., Sukha, G., Lachs, M., Pilfer, K. “Managing resident-to-resident ender mistreatment in nursing homes: the SEARCH approach,” Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, Vol 45 issue 3, March 2014 p112-123. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24548656

Jones, C., “Certified Nursing Assistants’ Experiences Regarding Resident-toResident Bullying in Nursing Homes,” Presented to the Faculty of Walden University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy, Walden University, 2015. http://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/dissertations/1541/

Lachs, M., Bachman, R., Williams, CS, O’leary, Jr. “Resident to resident elder mistreatment and police contact in nursing homes: findings from a population based cohort,” Journal of the American Geriatric Society, Vol 55, Issue 6, June 2007, pp 840-845. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17537083

Lachs, M., Rosen, T., Teresi, J., Eimoke, J., Ramirez, M., Silver, S., Pillemer, K. “Verbal and physical aggression directed at nursing home staff by residents,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol 28, issue 5 May 2013, pp660-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23225256

Lachs, M., Tersi, J., Rameriz, M. van Halsema, K., Silver, S., Eimcke, J., Boratgis, G., Sukha, G. Kong, J., Besas, A., Reyes, M., Pilemer, K., “Resident-to-Resident Elder Mistreatment in Nursing Homes,” Annals of Internal Medicine, June 14, 2016. http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2528279

Ramirez, M., Watkins, B., Tersi, J., Silver, S., Sukha, G., Portages, G. Lachs, M. and Pillemer, K. “Using Qualitative Methods to Develop a Measure of Resident-to-Resident Elder Mistreatment in Nursing Homes,” International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 25, Special issue 08, August 2013, pp 1245-1256. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4178930/

Rosen, T., Lachs, M. “Resident-to-Resident Aggression in Long-Term Care Facilities: An Understudied Problem,”Aggressive Violent Behavior, Vol 13, issue 2, March 1, 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2741635/

Santana, H. and Henry, D. “TAAP 2013 Summit - Senior Bullying,”Texas Association of Aging Programs / GEC MedEdVids, August 22, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lxm7XijWeAs

Snellgrove, S., Beck, C., Green, A. and McSweeney, J. “Resident-toResident Violence Triggers in Nursing Homes,” Clinical Nursing Research, February 26, 2013. http://cnr.sagepub.com/content/22/4/461.short

Tersi, J., Ramirez, M., Ellis, J., Silver, S., Boratgis, g., Kong, J. Emicke, J., Pilfer, K. and Lachs, M. “A Staff Intervention targeting resident-to-resident elder mistreatment (R-REM) in long-term care increased staff knowledge, recognition and reporting: Results from a cluster randomized trial’, International Journal of Nursing Studies, Vol 50, Issue 5, May 2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3677710/

van Loon, Gerard, Bullying in Residential Centers for Older Adults (Netherlands), http://www.illinoispioneercoalition.org/files/Bullying_handout.pdf

VandeNest, Felicia, “Bullying in Senior Living Facilities: a Qualitative Study,” (2016.) All Theses, Dissertations and other Capstone Projects, Minnesota State University Mankato Paper 601. http://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1600&contex…

Wood, F. “Bullying in Nursing Homes: Prevalence and Consequences to Psychological Health”. A project presented to the Faculty of Walden University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy, Walden University 2007. http://gradworks.umi.com/32/68/3268413.html

Research, Articles Webinars and Other Resources That Discuss Bullying in a Broader Context

_____,”Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRDP),” United Nations General Assembly ARES61/106, Adopted December 13, 2006. https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N06/500/79/PDF/N0650079.p…

_____.”The Culture of Bullying: Loss of Civility at School, Work, Politics,” DiversityInc, November 1, 2010. http://www.diversityinc.com/diversity-management/the-culture-of-bullyin…

_____,”Report on the Social Isolation of Seniors, 2013-2014,”The National Seniors Council, Government of Canada, October, 2014. https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/institutions/national-seniors-council…

_____,"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)", General Assembly Resolution 217A, United Nations, 1948. (2) http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/

Duncan, S. "Restorative Justice and Bullying: A Missing Solution in the Anti-Bullying Laws, Paper Number 2011-09", Legal Research Paper Series University of Louisville Law School, 2011. (5) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=%201858990

Newman, Oscar, Institute for Community Design Analysis, Center for Urban Policy, "Creating Defensible Space". United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, April 1986 (8) http://www.huduser.gov/portal/publications/pubasst/defensib.html

The National Center for Housing Management blog entries (12)

Votto, Paul. “Bullying Continues, but Susan is fighting back,” The National Center for Housing Management: Compliance Corner, June 10, 2016. http://www.nchm.org/Resources/Compliance-Corner/Review/ArticleId/143/Su…

Votto, Paul. "Let's Not Forget that Seniors are Adults, Too", The National Center for Housing Management: Compliance Corner, December 10, 2015. http://www.nchm.org/Resources/Compliance-Corner/Review/ArticleId/131/Le…

Votto, Paul. "Is 'Independent Living' Illegal?", The National Center for Housing Management: Compliance Corner, June 11, 2015. http://www.nchm.org/Resources/Compliance-Corner/Review/ArticleId/119/Is…

Votto, Paul."Bullying in Senior Housing: Is it a Real Problem?", The National Center for Housing Management: Compliance Corner, February 14, 2015. http://www.nchm.org/Resources/Compliance-Corner/Review/ArticleId/65/-Bu…

Votto, Paul. "Bullying in Senior Housing Strikes Chord", The National Center for Housing Management: Compliance Corner, January 9, 2015. http://www.nchm.org/Resources/Compliance-Corner/Review/ArticleId/110/Bu…

My Better Nursing Home blog entries (13)

Barbera, Eleanor, "Senior Bullying: How to recognize it, how to handle it", My Better Nursing Home, March 4 2015 http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-how-to-recognize-it-…

Bonifas, Robin and Frankl, Marsha. "Part 1: Senior Bullying: Guest Post by Robin Bonifas, PhD, MSW and Marsha Frankl, LICSW", My Better Nursing Home, February 8, 2012 http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-guest-post-by-robin-…

Bonifas, Robin and Frankl, Marsha. "Part 2: Who Bullies and Who Gets Bullied?", My Better Nursing Home, February 21, 2012. http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-part-2-who-bullies-a…

Bonifas, Robin and Frankl, Marsha. "Part 3: What is the Impact of Bullying?, My Better Nursing Home, March 6, 2012 http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-part-3-what-is-the-i…

Bonifas, Robin and Frankl, Marsha. "Part 4: Potential Organizational Level Interventions to Reduce Bullying", My Better Nursing Home, March 23, 2012 http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-part-4-potential-org…

Bonifas, Robin and Frankl, Marsha. "Part 5: Intervention Strategies for Bullies", My Better Nursing Home, April 12, 2012http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-part-5-intervention-…

Bonifas,Robin and Frankl, Marsha, "Part 6: Strategies for Targets of Bullying", My Better Nursing Home, May 4, 2012 (14) http://www.mybetternursinghome.com/senior-bullying-part-6-strategies-fo…

News Sources and Press Releases

United States: National News Sources

_____, "Bullying is a Growing Problem in Retirement Communities,” Intelligence For Your Life, Accessed August 29, 2015 http://www.tesh.com/story/health-and-well-being-category/bullying-is-a-…

_____,”HUD Proposes Rule to Clarify Protections for Victims of Harassment in Housing,”U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, October 21, 2015. http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/press/press_releases_media_adv…

Burns, Rebecca. “HUD’s Privatization Scheme May Herald End of Public Housing,” AlJazeera America, November 13, 2014 http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/11/public-housing-renovation…

Douglas, Robin. “Beyond the Schoolyard: Bullying Among Seniors,”Engage Magazine, Summer, 2015. http://robinbdouglas.com/beyond-the-schoolyard-bullying-among-seniors/

Franco, Z. and Zimbardo, P. “The Banality of Heroism,” Greater Good, Fall/Winter 2006-2007. http://www.lucifereffect.com/articles/heroism.pdf (15)

Kim, Susanna. "Mean Girls Prowl Senior Communities", ABC News, December 29, 2010 http://abcnews.go.com/Business/bullying-girls-prowl-retirement-communit…

Kreimer, S. "Older Adults Can Be Bullies, Too", AARP Bulletin, March, 2012. http://www.aarp.org/relationships/friends-family/info-03-2012/older-adu…

Letters to the Editor "When the Elderly Face Social Rejection" New York Times, January 26, 2015. (16) http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/26/opinion/when-the-elderly-face-social-…

Maples, Diane. "MeanOld Girls: Seniors Who Bully" , NBC News, February 16 2011 http://www.nbcnews.com/id/41353544/ns/health-aging/t/mean-old-girls-sen…

Praetorius, Dean. “Bullying in Retirement Homes A Real, Underreported Problem,” The Huffington Post, November 17, 2011. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/29/bullying-senior-citizens_n_802…

Scribner, Herb. “Why your grandparents are getting bullied,” Desert News National, September 11, 2014. http://national.deseretnews.com/article/2318/why-your-grandparents-are-…

Smullens, SaraKay. "Let's Get Used to It: Mean Girls are Forever!", The Huffington Post, February 2, 2015 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sarakay-smullens/lets-get-used-to-it-mean…

Stockade, Lisa. “Senior Communities Need Strategies to Deal With Senior Bullying,” Senior Agenda with Lisa Stockade, June 26, 2013. http://senioragenda.blogspot.com/2013/06/bullying-effects-seniors-livin…

Weiner, J., "Mean Girls in the Retirement Home," Sunday Review The New York Times, Jan 17, 2015. (17) http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/opinion/sunday/mean-girls-in-the-reti…>

Arizona

_____,"Chandler Woman Battles Bullying at Retirement", Your West Valley Sun Cities, Glendale, Peoria, December 10, 2010. http://www.yourwestvalley.com/suncity/article_d3794408-1443-11e0-a5ed-0…

Nunez, E. “Department of Senior Affairs- Senior Bullying,” City of Albuquerque GOVTV, November 13, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TWkB-FmExvo

California

_____. Beyond the Schoolyard: Bullying Among Seniors,” Engage: LeadingAge California, Summer, 2016. http://robinbdouglas.com/beyond-the-schoolyard-bullying-among-seniors/

_____. “City Sues San Francisco Landlord Accused of Bullying Elderly and Disabled Tenants,” KPIX / KCBS, http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2015/06/05/city-sues-san-francisco-lan…

El Nasser, Haya. “California city seeks to criminalize bullying,” Al Jazeeera America, May 20, 2014. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/5/20/carson-law-anti-bullyin…

Hovatter, Eric. “Protecting our Elders: Bullying”Friends and Neighbors Magazine, September 15, 2011. http://seniorfan.com/2011/09/protecting-our-elders-4/

Wheeler, H. "Senior Power: Bullying", The Berkeley Daily Planet, August 2, 2012. http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2012-08-03/article/40066?headl…

Connecticut

Cherni, J. “Connecticut Coalition on Aging Discusses Senior Bullying,” The New Haven Register, June 10, 2015. http://www.nhregister.com/article/NH/20150619/NEWS/150619377

Crevier, N. "Bullying: A Problem Behavior That Spans Generations", The Newtown Bee, February 20, 2015. http://newtownbee.com/news/news/2015/02/20/bullying-problem-behavior-sp…

Soper, Kym. “Residents say Housing Authority director is ‘bullying’ seniors,”Journal Inquirer,August 16, 2012. http://www.journalinquirer.com/towns/manchester/residents-say-housing-a…

Florida

_____,"Senior Citizens Also Targets of Bullying", WPBF 25 News, Aired March 1, 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=czvy378K33c

_____,"Adult and Senior Citizen Bullying a 'Silent Epidemic'",Archdiocese of Miami, April 20, 2015. http://www.miamiarch.org/CatholicDiocese.php?op=Article_Adult+and+senio…

Lade, D. "Anti-Bullying Program Takes Aim at Retirement Living", Sun-Sentinal, July 3, 2014 http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2014-07-03/health/fl-senior-bullying-p…

Georgia

Reese, R., "Georgia Woman, 87, Accused of Bullying Neighbor," ABC News via World News, March 22, 2012 http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/headlines/2012/03/georgia-woman-87-accused-…

Idaho

Mallory, D. “Aging in Idaho: Dealing with Senior Bullies,” MagicValley.com, October 15, 2015. http://magicvalley.com/news/opinion/aging-in-idaho-dealing-with-senior-…

Illinois

_____. “Arlington Heights Police Department: Senior Bullying,”Village of Arlington Heights, Illinois, accessed January 23, 2017. http://www.vah.com/assets/1/police/Senior_Bullying.pdf

Indiana

Morrison, S., “Purdue Extension Addresses Senior Bullying,” Rensselaer Republican”, October 20, 2015. http://www.newsbug.info/rensselaer_republican/purdue-extension-addresse…

Kansas

Rice, G. "Bullying Knows No Age Limit," The Wichita Eagle, February 18, 2014 http://www.kansas.com/living/family/article1134718.html

Kentucky

_____.”Senior Health and Wellness Newsletter,”Kentucky Department for Aging and Independent Living, January, 2017. http://chfs.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9A1F4345-D0CA-4A6A-B3E7-806A001CB00E/0/…

Maine

McMillan, S., "Panelists Discuss Bullying and Abuse Across Generations," (Maine) Kennebec Journal / Morning Sentinel, February 8, 2014 http://www.centralmaine.com/2014/02/08/panelists_discuss_bullying_and_a…

Massachusetts: Stop Bullying Coalition in the News

_____,”Bill creates panel to study bullying of tenants,” boston.com, August 8, 2016. (18) https://www.boston.com/news/local-news/2016/08/08/bill-creates-panel-st…

Foster, R. “An alleged victim of bullying in Attleboro housing to testify on bill,” The Sun Chronicle, January 28, 2014.http://www.thesunchronicle.com/news/local_news/an-alleged-victim-of-bul…

Hand, Jim. “Commission to study bullying in public housing,” The Sun Chronicle (Attleboro, MA), August 2, 2016. http://www.thesunchronicle.com/news/local_news/commission-to-study-bull…

Swift, Adam. “Bully Pulpit in Peabody,” Item Live, August 4 2016. http://www.itemlive.com/news/bully-pulpit-in-peabody/

Massachusetts

_____."Residents Work to Address Bullying in the Attleboro Community", DoubleACS, August 25, 2014 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3IDyqFdFEMA

_____."Conference Looks at Bullying of Elderly", WWLP 22News, Aired October 2, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTZ6fssCIkY

Doyle, Jennifer. “Saving Spots Goes Extreme at Coach Rd. Apartments,” Upton Daily, June 13, 2016. https://uptondaily.com/2016/06/13/opinion-saving-spots-goes-extreme-at-…

Foster, R. "Bullying at Any Age", The Sun Chronicle, May 13, 2013. http://www.thesunchronicle.com/news/local_news/bullying-at-any-age/arti…

Goslow, B. "Professionals address Bullying", FiftyPlus Advocate, May 24, 2013. http://www.fiftyplusadvocate.com/archives/8009

Jourgensen, T. "Senior Bullying on Rise in Lynn",The Daily Item, August 5, 2010. http://elder-abuse-spotlight.blogspot.com/2010/08/senior-bullying-on-ri…

Krantz, L., "No Age Limit on Bullying," Metrowest Daily News, July 1, 2012 http://www.metrowestdailynews.com/article/20120701/News/307019755

Krantz, L. "How Can You Solve Bullying?" Metrowest Daily News, July 1, 2012. http://www.metrowestdailynews.com/article/20120701/News/307019972

Rhodes, George. "Attleboro Residents Testify About Bullying Issue", The Sun Chronicle, July 20, 2015. http://www.thesunchronicle.com/news/local_news/attleboro-residents-test…

Schoenberg, Shira. "Bullying of Elderly, Disabled Subject of Public Housing Bills", MassLive, July 14, 2015 http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2015/07/bills_address_bullyi…

Seltz, J. “In efforts to stop bullying, some school districts stand out,” Boston Globe, August 16, 2016. http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/regionals/south/2016/08/18/efforts-aga…

Springer, A. "Stopping Bullying of Seniors", Gloucester Times, June 21, 2013. http://www.gloucestertimes.com/news/lifestyles/stopping-bullying-of-sen…

Wade, C. "Senior Citizens Push Back Against Bullies", The Salem News, July 14, 2015 http://www.salemnews.com/news/local_news/senior-citizens-push-back-agai…

Michigan

_____”Marquette Senior Citizen Bullying is More Prevalent Than You Think," TV6, Aired Jan 10, 2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uB2QPyqbtdY

Feck, J.,”Senior Bullies: An Aging Population Victimized,”NBC25,May 2, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OHYFVfhClug

Minnesota

_____, "Putting an End to Senior Bullying," northlandsnewscenter, January 29, 2014. http://www.northlandsnewscenter.com/news/local/Putting-an-end-to-senior…

Serras, C. “Influx of disabled residents leads to clashes in senior housing,”Star Tribune, September 8, 2014. http://www.startribune.com/influx-of-disabled-residents-leads-to-clashe…

Missouri

_____,”Bullying Seniors is Elder Abuse,”KNPG St. Joseph, MO, December 23, 2016. http://www.newspressnow.com/opinion/editorials/bullying-seniors-is-elde…

_____,"Senior Bullying Awareness, and Other Community Notes", Kansas City Star, January 7, 2014. http://www.kansascity.com/news/local/community/816-north/article335372/…

Stephenson, E. “Citizen Voices: A petition for relief from bullying,”The Northland News, Accesses July 26, 2016. http://thenorthlandnews.com/citizen-voices-a-petition-for-relief-from-b…

New Hampshire

Constant, Jane. “The Constant Corner: Older Adult Bullying,” Nashua Senior Center, July, 2014. http://www.nashuaseniorcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Older-adul…

New Jersey

_____.”Caroline Berdzik, Esq., and CIS Management, Inc. Partner to Address Senior Bullying,”Community Investment Strategies, May 29, 2013. http://www.communityinvestmentstrategies.com/3841-2/

_____. "Presentation on Senior Citizen Bullying in Park Ridge", North Jersey, August 1, 2013. http://www.northjersey.com/community-news/presentation-on-senior-citize…

Amico, J. "BullyingCan Affect Elderly, Too," News Transcript, July 10, 2013. http://nt.gmnews.com/news/2013-07-10/Front_Page/Bullying_can_affect_eld…

Carroll, Brett. “Park Ridge seniors learn about the dangers of senior bullying,” NorthJersey.com, March 17, 2016. http://archive.northjersey.com/news/health-news/senior-abuse-gets-spotl…

Lubinski, A. "Bullying Knows No Age", Kearny Courier, March 12, 2015. http://www.kearneycourier.com/news/article_9400ba61-4f3b-5b9a-8e75-f2cf…

New Hampshire

Hangan, C. “Bullying Among Senior Citizens,” This Week in Raymond, NH, October 10, 2014. http://thisweekinraymond.com/bullying-among-senior-citizens-p3534-171.h…

New York

Anuta, J. “Stiffer penalties eyed for abusers of seniors,” Crane’s New York, March 14, 2014. http://www.crainsnewyork.com/article/20140314/REAL_ESTATE/140319909/sti…

Fernandez, M. “Tenants Gain Right to Sue Landlords for Harassment,”The New York Times, March 13, 2008. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/03/13/tenants-gain-right-to-sue-…

Miller, M. “Resident-on-Resident Abuse a Common Problem in Nursing Homes,” Buffalo News, October 8, 2015. http://newamericamedia.org/2015/10/resident-on-resident-abuse-a-common-…

Segelken, R., Young, J. “Elder-to-elder abuse is common in nursing homes,” Cornell Chronicle, November 10, 2014. http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2014/11/elder-elder-abuse-common-nu…

Smith-Moore, Joyce. “Letter: Senior community bullying must stop,” Auburnpub.com, February 15, 2017. http://auburnpub.com/news/opinion/mailbag/letter-senior-community-bully…

Wishna, S. “How Landlords Harass Old People,” The Independent,December 16, 2014. https://indypendent.org/2014/12/16/how-landlords-harass-old-people

North Carolina

Cirillo, Anthony.”Senior Bullying—Appearance on the Charlotte Today Show,” The Aging Experience, May 26, 2016. http://www.theagingexperience.com/2016/05/26/senior-citizen-bullies/

Ohio

Pyle, E. “Nursing home residents’ aggression is studied,” The Columbus Dispatch, December 13, 2014. http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2014/12/13/residents-aggr…

Reed, M. “Grumpy old men? Retirement home residents bullied by ‘The Bad Boys’,” Fox 8 Cleveland, November 4 2014. http://fox8.com/2014/11/04/grumpy-old-men-retirement-home-residents-bul…

Saylor, Terri. "Ohio Paper Addresses Bullying, Invites the Public to Call in for Help", National Newspaper Association, Accessed November 12, 2015. http://nnaweb.org/gi-bullying-ohio

Oregon

Heisler, Mary. “Bullying: It’s an adult problem, too and it’s occurring in the City of Lafayette,”New Lafayette, Accessed April 3, 2017. http://www.newlafayette.org/community/bullying-not-just-a-school-proble…

Pennsylvania

CBS, "Bullying Is a Problem for Both Young and Old", CBS Philly, Feb 4, 2011. http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2011/02/24/bullying-is-a-problem-for-b…

Kalston, Sally. "Bullying Among Seniors Tied to Inhibition, Lack of Independence," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette ,Feb 8, 2013. http://www.post-gazette.com/news/health/2013/01/28/Hostilities-in-the-n…

Rhodes, Linda. "Bullying is a Growing Problem Among Senior Citizens: Linda Rhodes", PennLive, May 6, 2014. http://www.pennlive.com/living/index.ssf/2014/05/seniors_bullying_senio…

Rhode Island

_____, “Public housing suspended amid allegations of harassment, bullying,” The Call, December 12, 2013. http://www.woonsocketcall.com/public-housing-chief-suspended-amid-alleg…

Tennessee

Pitman, Yolanda. “Senior resident evicted over harassment and bullying complaints,” Times Free Press, July 19, 2016. http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/local/story/2016/jul/19/housing-auth…

Texas

Rainey, P. "Seniors Need Family Support to Avoid Bullying," Denton Record-Chronicle,, Feb 1, 2014. http://www.dentonrc.com/living-in-denton/pam-rainey-headlines/20140201-…

Washington

Rice, Glenn. “Vulnerable victims learn bullying has no age limit,”The Spokesman-Review, March 24, 2014. http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2014/mar/24/vulnerable-victims-learn-b…

Wisconsin

Home Health United, “Even seniors get bullied,” WiscNews, February 25, 2015. http://www.wiscnews.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/article_fccb96d1-b757…

Mueller, Jean. “Senior bullying and taking action to prevent it,” Madison Catholic Herald, April 15, 2015. http://www.madisoncatholicherald.org/askjean/5627-mueller-4-23-15.html

Australia

_____,"The Senior Retirement Homes Under Attack From Senior Bullying", ninemsn, aired March 20, 2015. http://www.9jumpin.com.au/show/mornings/videos/4122934737001/

Canada

_____.”Beyond Bullying: Building Healthy Seniors’ Communities,”South East Edmonton Seniors Association, December 14, 2015. http://www.seesa.ca/Beyond%20Bullying%20Backgrounder.pdf

_____. "Bullying Is A Community Issue," Calgary, AB: bullyingawarenessweek, Accessed November 12, 2015. http://www.bullyingawarenessweek.org/tuesday.html

Lozinski, P. ,”The Type of Bullying We Don’t Talk About,” Cold Lake Sun, December 1, 2014. http://www.coldlakesun.com/2014/12/01/the-type-of-bullying-we-dont-talk…

Malaysia

_____,"Senior Citizen seeks help to end alleged bullying", Borneo Post, December 3, 2013. http://www.theborneopost.com/2013/12/03/senior-citizen-seeks-help-to-en…

Indraramalar, S. “Elder Abuse: A subject many don’t want to talk about,” Star Media Group, March 11, 2016. http://www.star2.com/family/seniors/2016/03/11/elder-abuse-a-subject-ma…

Netherlands

_____. "Serious Senior Bullying", Radio Netherlands Worldwide, Accessed November 12, 2015. https://www.rnw.org/archive/serious-senior-bullying

_____."CDA Tackling Bullying in Nursing Homes", Netherlands Times, July 28, 2015. http://www.nltimes.nl/2015/07/28/cda-tackling-bullying-in-nursing-homes/

United Kingdom

_____.”Dementia Patients Were Bullied for Laughs at Care Home, Court Hears,”The Guardian, November 5, 2013. http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/nov/05/dementia-patients-bullie…

McCartney, J. "The Criminal Effect of the Next-Door Bully", The Telegraph, August 24, 2013. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/property/10263363/The-criminal-effec…

Blog Entries and Social Media

_____, “Administration on Aging: What is Elder Abuse,” US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.aoa.gov/aoa_programs/elder_rights/ea_prevention/whatisea.aspx

_____.”Adult Bullying: It’s not just child’s play,”Mental Health Support, Accessed May 30, 2017. http://www.mentalhealthsupport.co.uk/adultbullying.html

_____,”Adults Being Bullied,”NoBullying.com, December 22, 2015. http://nobullying.com/adults-being-bullied/

_____,”Adult Bullying,”Bullying Statistics: Anti-Bullying Help, Facts and More,Accessed January 15, 2016. http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/adult-bullying.html

_____,"Building a Caring Community",Better With Age, August 30, 2015. http://geronature.blogspot.com/2015/08/building-caring-community.html

_____,"Bullying and Conflict in Nursing Homes, New York Elder Law Attorney Blog, Published by Ettinger Law Firm, December 2, 2014. http://www.newyorkelderlawattorneyblog.com/2014/12/bullying-and-conflic…

_____.”Bullying in the nursing home?,”Q Medic Blog, January 19, 2015. https://www.qmedichealth.com/blogs/news/16759152-bullying-in-the-nursin…

_____,”Bullying Occurs in Senior Years, Too,” Milestones E-News, a blog of the Philadelphia Corporation for Aging, January 12, 2016. http://www.pcacares.org/Milestones_Main_Web_List.aspx?category=Elder%20…

_____, "Bullied Over 50: A Hidden Problem," 50 Connect, November 1, 2014 http://www.50connect.co.uk/articles/bullied-over-50s-a-hidden-problem

_____,"Bullying Affects 10 to 20 Percent of Seniors", Grab a Bully By the Horns, November 21, 2013. http://www.grababullybythehorns.com/bully-information/bullying-affects-…

_____.”Bullying,” CounsellingDirectory, accessed May 30, 2017. http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/bullying.html

_____. "Bullying in Nursing Homes: Even Senior Citizens Can Be Bullies", Hub Pages, February 23, 2015. http://ologsinquito.hubpages.com/hub/Mean-Behavior-Knows-No-Age-Limit-B…

_____."(Bullying) Research and Statistics",Different Like Me.http://differentlikeme.com/bullying_research.html

_____,”Bullying: Loss of Civility at School, Work, Politics,”DiversityInc, Accessed May 9, 2016. http://www.diversityinc.com/diversity-management/the-culture-of-bullyin…

_____,"Coping with Older Adult Bullying in Senior Living Communities",SeniorHomes, Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.seniorhomes.com/p/bullying-in-senior-living-communities/

_____. “Dealing with Bullying in Retirement Homes,” The Holiday Retirement Community of West Hartford, accessed January 23, 2017. http://www.holidayretirement.com/dealing-with-bullying-in-retirement-ho…

_____,”Elder Abuse and Neglect,” Helpguide.org, Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.helpguide.org/articles/abuse/elder-abuse-and-neglect.htm

_____,"Elderly Residents Talk to Teens About Bullying", The Oklahoma Conference of the United Methodist Church, August 28, 2015. http://www.okumc.org/newsdetail/1909027

_____,”Emotional Abuse,”NursingHomeAbuseGuide.org, Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nursinghomeabuseguide.org/emotional-abuse/

_____. “Jose Stands Up to a Neighbor’s Bullying,” ALRP, accessed December 2, 2016. http://www.alrp.org/spotlight/jose-stands-up-to-a-neighbors-bullying

_____,"Mean Girls (and Guys) Can Ruin Retirement", TopRetirements.com, Accessed, October 12, 2015. http://www.topretirements.com/blog/health-issues/mean-girls-and-guys-ca…

_____,"Mean Girls in the Retirement Home: The New York Times Facebook Page,Facebook, Accessed October 13, 2015 (17) https://www.facebook.com/nytimes/posts/10150521699484999

_____,"Mean Girls in the Retirement Home: The New York Times Twitter Page",Twitter,Accessed October 13, 2015 (17) https://twitter.com/nytimes/status/557361398557474816

_____,"More Mean Old Girls", As Time Goes By: What's It's Really Like to get Old, February 4 2015 (17) http://www.timegoesby.net/weblog/2015/02/more-old-mean-girls.html

_____.”Name Calling vs. Bullying,”Bullying Statistics: Anti-Bullying Help, Facts and More, accessed January 15, 2016. http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/name-calling-vs-bullying.html

_____.”NAHT’s Comments in Support of New Anti-Bullying Rule,” National Association of HUD Tenants: Save Our Homes, accessed September 26, 2016. https://saveourhomes.org/housing-issues/anti-bullying-comments/

_____.”New Bill Targets Landlord Mistreatment of Senior Citizens,”Hobson-Williams, PC, accessed July 27, 2016. http://www.thobsonwilliamslaw.com/blog/landlord-mistreatment-of-senior-…

_____.”Once a Bully Always a Bully,”New Alternatives, Inc., May 29, 2016. http://www.newalt.net/blogs/bully-bully/

_____.”Preventing Resident to Resident Altercations in Nursing Homes,” Inter-Generations, Accessed June 21, 2016. http://www.intergens.com/featurearticle-38.html

_____.”Preventing Senior Bullying,” Church Mutual Insurance Company, Accessed October 28, 2016. https://www.churchmutual.com/5406/Senior-Bullying

_____,”Psychological Abuse,” NursingHomeAbuseGuide.org, Accessed October 24, 2016. http://www.nursinghomeabuseguide.org/psychological-abuse/

_____.”Resident-on-Resident Abuse Is Common in Nursing Homes,” ElderLawAnswers: The Web’s Most Trusted Long-Term and Planning Resource, Accessed June 21, 2016. http://www.elderlawanswers.com/resident-on-resident-abuse-is-common-in-…

_____.”Safeguarding Adults,” Patient, accessed July 26, 2016. http://patient.info/health/safeguarding-adults-leaflet

_____.”San Antonio Resident Services Committee Meeting,”San Antonio Housing Authority, March 26, 2015. http://www.saha.org/pdf/ResidentServicesPacket-March2015-web.pdf

_____.”SCI speaks to Savannah Commons about Senior Bullying,”Savannah Commons, May 21, 2015. http://savannahcommons.com/sci-speaks-to-savannah-commons-about-senior-…

_____.”Senior Bullying,”Alma Health, accessed January 23, 2017. http://www.almahealth.com/senior-bullying/

_____.”Senior Bullying,” The Bethany Villager, August, 2016. http://www.bethany-village.org/usr/Newsletters/08-2016-Newsletter.pdf

_____,"Senior Bullying",Guide to Retirement Living SourceBook, Accessed October 20, 2015. http://www.retirement-living.com/senior-bullying/

_____,"Seniors and Bullying", Comfort Keepers: A Sodexo Brand, Accessed October 13, 2015. http://www.comfortkeepers.com/home/info-center/senior-health-wellbeing/…

_____. "Senior Bullying: It Doesn't End on the Playground", Eldercare Resources, Posted January 23, 2013. http://www.eldercareresourcespittsburgh.com/senior-bullying-it-doesnt-e…

_____,"Seniors Bullying Seniors", The Medical Team. Accessed October 18, 2015. http://www.medicalteam.com/PDF%20Library/Seniors%20Bullying%20Seniors%2…

_____,"Seniors Bullying Seniors: A Growing Problem", Office of the Ombudsman for the Institutionalized Elderly, June 16, 2014. http://protectingseniors.blogspot.com/2014/06/seniors-bullying-seniors-…

_____,"Senior Citizens and Bullying", Rosenberg (TX) Police, Accessed October 17, 2015. http://www.ci.rosenberg.tx.us/modules/showdocument.aspx?documentid=7983

_____.”The shocking phenomenon of senior bullying,” Health Professions Press, August 5, 2016. http://www.healthpropress.com/the-shocking-phenomenon-of-senior-bullyin…

_____.”A Surprising Problem in Senior Living Communities: Bullying,” AgingOptions, September 23, 2016. http://www.agingoptions.com/2015/09/a-surprising-problem-in-senior-livi…

_____,"Stop Elder Bullying and Abuse Now", Facebook, Accessed October 20, 2015. https://www.facebook.com/StopElderBullyingandAbuseNow#

_____."Stress Injury to Health Trauma, PTSD", Bully onLine, Web Site of the UK National Workplace Bullying Advise Line, Accessed October 17, 2015. (19) http://www.bullyoffline.org/stress/ptsd.htm

_____.”Top 10 Questions about Elder Abuse,” AgingCare.com, Accessed October 24, 2016. https://www.agingcare.com/articles/elder-abuse-facts-145341.htm

_____.”What is Bullying Harassment,”Bullying Statistics: Anti-Bullying Help, Facts and More, accessed January 15, 2016. http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/bullying-harassment.html

Acosta, Gabriela. “Bullying Prevention Resource Guide,” USC Suzanne-Dvorak-Peck School of Social Work, October 17, 2014. https://msw.usc.edu/mswusc-blog/bullying-prevention-resource-guide/

Beck, A. “Seniors Can Experience Bullying, Too,” OneCallAlert, October 21, 2015. http://www.onecallmedicalalert.com/blog/2015/10/seniors-experience-bull…

Bonifas, R. "Senior Advocate E-Letter Contribution: Bullying and Relational Aggression among Older Adults Introduction to a Surprising Phenomena", Jameson & Associates, May, 2013. http://www.jamesonassociates.net/e-news-articles.html

Bonifas, Robin. “Bullying Among Older Adults: An Unseen Epidemic,” Health Professions Press, accessed November 25, 2016. http://www.healthpropress.com/pdf/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Bullying-A…

Bemish, R. "Elder Abuse: A 'Huge, Expensive and Lethal' Problem for States",The Pew Charitable Trusts, May 26, 2015. http://goo.gl/N7Kyif

Botek, Ann-Marie. "Elderly Bullies Prove That Immaturity Has No Age Limit",AgingCare.com, Accessed October 13, 2015. https://www.agingcare.com/News/Elderly-Bullies-Prove-That-Immaturity-Ha…

Burnes, Kathy. "Social Bullying: Training Older Adults to Make a Difference", American Society on Aging, February 19, 2014. http://www.asaging.org/blog/social-bullying-training-older-adults-make-…

Casey, Jessica. “How to Respond to an Adult Bully,” wikiHow: How to do anything…”, accessed August 25, 2016. http://www.wikihow.com/Respond-to-an-Adult-Bully

Cecil, Sharon. “Bullying can happen at any age,” In the Prime: Voices, September 20, 2013. http://blogs.courier-journal.com/prime/sharoncecil/2013/09/20/bullying-…

Chartier, Ann. "Mean Girls: How are these Aging Influencers impacting the future Retirement Amenities?, The Elder Pilot, August 23, 2015 (20) http://www.elderpilot.com/site/blog/2015/08/23/mean-girls-how-are-these…

Cohen, Julie. “Senior Bullying, Gossiping, and insults in Assisted Living Homes,” DailyStrength, June 10, 2011. http://www.dailystrength.org/health_blogs/julie-cohen/article/senior-bu…

Curtis, Keryn. "Bullies and 'Mean Girls' in the Retirement Village",The Donaldson Sisters Love Aging, May 15, 2015.https://thedonaldsonsisters.com.au/when-grown-ups-are-mean-and-bullies/

Cytrynbaum, Pamela. "Mean Girls: Senior Women Being Bullied in Assisted Care?", Because I'm the Mom, Psychology Today, June 1, 2013 https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/because-im-the-mom/201306/mean-gir…

D’Amico, Jessica. “Bullying Can Affect Elderly, Too,” Francis E. Parker Home, July 9, 2013. http://www.franciseparker.com/news/2013/bullying-can-affect-elderly,-too

Dane, Michael. “Senior on Senior Bullying,” LinkedIn, March 25, 2016. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/senior-bullying-michael-dane

DeLeon, Maria. "Elder Bullying: Fact or Fiction", Assisted Living Directory, Accessed October 28, 2016. http://www.assisted-living-directory.com/content/elder-bullying.cfm

Edelman, Tonja. “Seniors Bullying Seniors — A Growing Problem,” Always Best Care Senior Services, Accessed January 15. 2016. http://www.alwaysbestcare.com/22-features-articles-category/649-seniors…

Frankel, Marsha. “Mean Old Ladies?,” JF&CS Blog, April 8, 2011. http://www.jfcsboston.org/Blog/PostId/98/mean-old-ladies

Frankel, Marsha. “Social Bullying,” JF&CS Blog, June 9, 2011. http://www.jfcsboston.org/Blog/PostId/120/Social-Bullying

Frankel, Marsha. “Social Bullying,”JF&CS Blog, October 22, 2013. http://www.jfcsboston.org/Blog/PostId/314/social-bullying

Grey, Jennifer. "Does Your Retirement Community Have a Bullying Problem?"Housing for Seniors, Posted August 11, 2011 http://www.housingforseniors.com/Articles/Does-Your-Retirement-Communit…

Halberstadt, J. “Reporter spotlights bullying in Attleboro, MA,” PhotoLuminaries, May 5, 2013. http://photoluminations.com/drupal/node/131

Halberstadt, J. “Together, we will stop bullying,” Togethering: Publishing, Consulting, Training. Education, July 4 2016. http://togethering.com/stop

Harmon, Kathy. “Bullying isn’t Just for Kids—Seniors do it Too,” GreatPlaces: Kathy Chat, February 18, 2011. http://www.greatplacesinc.com/KathyChat/tabid/100/PostID/2886/BULLYING-…

Harrison, Celia. “USDA Elderly and Disabled Housing Abuse (Part 1) Crazy Bullying,” Frozen Justice February 10, 2014. http://frozenjustice.blogspot.com/2014/02/usda-elderly-and-disabled-hou…

Ingram, Virginia. “Even Seniors Have Experienced Bullying,”AlzAlive, accessed January 23, 2017. http://alzlive.com/editorial/now-what/even-seniors-have-experienced-bul…

Kate,”Adult Bullying: Feeling Good When You’re Being Pushed Around,”women against negative self talk, Accessed May 30, 2017. https://womenagainstnegativetalk.com/tag/bullying/

Lake, Neil. "Bullying is Ageless: Conflict and Violence Widespread in Nursing Homes, Study Finds", WBUR's CommonHealth: Reform and Reality, November 14, 2014. http://commonhealth.wbur.org/2014/11/conflict-and-violence-in-nursing-h…

Lawson, R. “Cliques of Old Bitches Terrorizing Old Folks Homes Nationwide,” Gawker, December 28, 2010. http://gawker.com/5719771/cliques-of-old-bitches-terrorizing-old-folks-…

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Notes:

(1) When people loiter near the entrance to a building, it makes others feel uncomfortable. This is an article from Habitat Magazine about a problem in a Staten Island, NY (NYC) condominium where a group of senior citizens loitered in the lobby of the building, appearing to monopolize it creating a bad impression. Initially, this problem was not properly dealt with. Instead of looking at ways to accommodate their wish to loiter (the building had a wrap around lobby and management could have provided an out-of-the-way seating area for the loiterers to use) and others wishes to avoid, the loiterers were punished. Then, matters spiraled out of control.

(2) Solid pilot study that suggests that even infrequent bullying experiences are associated with people feeling worse off: anxiety, depression, loneliness, etc. It also found that 50% of residents surveyed in this study identified themselves as victims of relational aggression (bullying) to some degree.

(3) This is one of the most comprehensive reviews and discussions of bullying among senior citizens. However, it does have some significant faults. Ms Cardinal fails to understand how the legislative process works and its usefulness in combatting the problem of bullying. Although Massachusetts does recognize a tenant's right to peaceful enjoyment of his or her apartment and common areas, it is extremely difficult for landlords to evict a tenant that has a long history of bullying, especially if it is a public housing / subsidized housing tenant. Massachusetts does have a harassment law, but it is limited in scope and doesn't cover problems such as extreme verbal abuse that doesn't include threats of bodily harm. We need standards (a blue ribbon panel consisting of representatives of from all stakeholders) and perhaps stronger laws or modifications to existing laws to make it easier to manage bullying.

(4) The lead author is a nationally recognized expert regarding senior citizen bullying and its effects. They advocate approaching bullying from a social work / mental health perspective. Residents are entitled to peaceful enjoyment of their apartments and the common areas of their residences and that bullies infringe on this right. When many attempts at intervening and restricting the bully fail, the authors acknowledge that eviction of the bully is probably necessary.

(5) Senior Bullying is becoming an increasing problem in senior centers, apartment buildings and other places where older adults socialize. This hour long webinar discusses the potential causes of bullying , approaches that can be utilized and how your agency can tackle this rising problem.

(6) A MSW capstone project that discusses a form of group therapy used to address bullying. It's interesting read the participants beliefs as to what triggers bullying versus the social worker's mental health approach to minimize these observations.

(7) A MSW project that provides a thoughtful and thorough analysis of the problem of bullying of older adults in senior citizen communities. This paper has an excellent reference list.

(8) I segregated out the research done on bullying / resident-on-resident aggression done in nursing homes, because nursing homes are licensed and regulated, both by State and Federal agencies. They operate under different, and more stringent rules, than independent living or assisted living facilities. Victims of bullying who reside in nursing homes, as well as their loved ones, can file complaint(s) with one or more appropriate agencies and, hopefully, the regulators will hold the nursing home accountable.

(9). It's worthwhile to read the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights--an important document when it comes to international law. Article 12 states, "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks." I (Publia) think that the social aggression form of bullying can amount to attacks upon his (the victim's) honor and reputation. I also think bullying can rise to the level of "interference with his (the victim's) privacy, family [or] home.”

(10) This article discusses the concept of Restorative Justice as an approach in resolving bullying in schools. This approach is favored by many social services professionals, in that it is a collaborative approach. Although I (Publia) think this approach has merit, I already see evidence that some bullying victims are being strong armed, usually by social workers, to participate in restorative justice when they don't think it's appropriate. A restorative justice approach is appropriate only when the bully and those supporting the bully acknowledge fault and are willing to change. My experience is most lifelong bullies, when confronted by others, refuse to acknowledge that their behavior is hurtful, bad, unacceptable and just plain wrong. This article contains a fair and balanced critique of both the restorative justice and sanctions based approach to dealing with bullying--including a discussion of situations where a restorative justice approach is inappropriate.

(11) This monograph discusses the concept of defensible space in multifamily housing. This is a useful concept because many bullies and their cliques essentially take over public spaces, turning them into their own private domains. This is a misuse of public space. This monograph was written before experts took bullying in senior citizen / persons with disabilities housing seriously; thus, the authors assume that this concept does not apply to senior citizens / persons with disabilities, when it actually does.

(12) Paul Votto, President of the National Association of Building Managers, writes about the problems bullies pose to those who manage senior citizens / persons with disabilities residences, from the perspective of a building manager / landlord. One of the biggest challenges his members face is dealing with residents who bully. They can create a hostile environment for all—and that includes building management and employees. He encourages bullied residents to speak up, to work with management in order to get this stopped. He encourages building managers to take complaints about bullying seriously and to take appropriate actions. Bullying is bad for business!

(13) Dr Eleanor Barbera's widely cited blog My Better Nursing Home is one of the earliest professional bloggers to discuss the problem of bullying among seniors.

(14) One of the problems mental health professionals have is that they tend to partially blame the victim for the predicament he or she is in. Many of the bully victims we, the Stop Bullying Coalition, know of are assertive individuals who ran afoul with their building's controlling clique. I (Publia) have a friend who was a guidance counsellor to several large Eastern Massachusetts high schools and had to deal with cliques and bullying on a daily basis. He said, "The more a young person differs from the social norms of the school, the more likely that person is going to be singled out and bullied by the school's cliques." I believe this holds true in senior / persons with disabilities housing as well.

(15) Circumstances can force almost anyone to be a bystander to evil, but they can also bring out our own inner hero. Zeno Franco and Philip Zimbardo show how we’re all capable of everyday heroism.

(16) Ms. Weiner's article, "Mean Girls in the Retirement Home", New York Times Sunday Review article ignited a firestorm of interest in senior citizen bullying. It was one of the most shared New York Times articles for the month of January, 2015.

(17) Responses to Ms Weiner's "Mean Girls in the Retirement Home" New York Times Sunday Review article. It is interesting to read the responses of ordinary people to this article, for many shared their stories, either as a victim of senior bullying or as relatives who witnessed bullying.

(18) This article also appeared in the Athol (Ma) Daily News, The Press of Atlantic City (NJ), oanow.com (Opelika, AL), The Sun-Chronicle (Attleboro, MA), Dothan Eagle (AR), The News and Advance (Lynchburg, VA), Connecticut Post (Bridgeport, CT) , Tulsa World (OK), West Plains Daily Quill (MO), theeagle.com (Bryan-College Station, TX), sfgate.com (San Francisco, CA) , news10 WTEN (Albany, NY), 22News WWLP (Springfield, MA), The Clay Center Dispatch (KS), The Item(Lynn, MA), WATD, (Mansfield, MA) and other sources.

(19) This blogger shows that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be caused by bullying and other forms of harassment. PTSD has been proven to be a treatable brain injury--and not an illness. Bullying hurts!

(20) A blog post by a long term care coordinator working with middle class and higher elders and their families. Just because the senior can afford to live in an expensive, amenity filled residence does not mean that the residence does not have a problem with bullying.

(21) A witnesses' account of bullying of a family friend in a nursing home. Experts agree that senior citizens who are the victims of bullying or relational abuse are unlikely to report it. It is important for family and friends who witness bullying, relational abuse or other forms of abuse to intervene--and this includes reporting the incident to staff and supporting the victim. This is probably not the first time the aggressor bullied, nor will it be the last. Bullying and relational aggression are unacceptable behaviors at any age.

(22) Paula Span is a blogger for the New York Times. This widely cited blog post describes bullying of a Skilled Nursing Facility/nursing home (SNF) resident by management at a Continuing Care Retirement Community(CCRC). The SNF resident was not allowed to participate in the Independent Living Section's weekly bingo game, even though she had a friend play host. The CCRC had set up exclusionary (and possibly illegal) policies, because "…they know that healthier elders do not want to associate with those who require more care." The CCRC solution: shut down the bingo game.

(23) This is in response to Paula Span's article in the New York Times. Although this blogger didn't use the term 'bullying', that's what this article is about. Instead, she uses the terms 'discrimination' and 'prejudice'. She notes that ageism and ableism (prejudice against those living with a physical or cognitive impairment) are rampant and generally are not challenged. She discusses the value of creating an inclusive community and how destructive not doing this is on residents lives. Jill Vitalle-Aussem manages a continuing care retirement community that accepts both private pay and government subsidized residents.

(24) Philip Zimbardo, PhD, a prominent social psychologist and past president of the American Psychological Association, has spent his entire career trying to understand what factors cause good people to do evil things. He discusses various techniques, from dehumanization (such as calling someone a Dog), fear of social rejection, to an authority authorizing abuse, that demonstrate that, in certain situations, most people will commit an evil act. Since retiring from Stanford, Dr Zimbardo has been devoting his time and energy on how to develop “ordinary heroes,” that is compassionate people who are willing and able to take a stand against the wrongs they witness. He has been able to show that when ordinary heroes find like-minded individuals and band together for support and encouragement, they can create a movement. The Stop Bullying Coalition started as a band of ordinary heroes, seniors and persons with disabilities, who have found each other, through Jerry Halberstadt’s blog, and are committed to raising awareness about bullying in senior citizens / persons with disabilities housing through coalition building.

(25) Pay attention to the elderly woman in the background, who moves in and touches the elderly man, also in the background, twice, in a mean way. Notice that someone at the dinner table, in the foreground, announces "bully". This is an example of senior citizen bullying another senior.

The Stop Bullying Coalition has no control over the nature, contents or availability of the web sites listed. The inclusion of a link on this page does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the Stop Bullying Coalition. This links list is updated approximately every month, depending on the number of new links Publia finds. If you find a bad link, please contact us, so that we can take appropriate action.

This page was last updated on June 2, 2017.